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  • 1.Uncategorized
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    2.Children & Youth
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    3.Disability
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    4.Health
  • What is cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

  • What is cancer of the cervix
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    Cervical cancer affects the entrance to the uterus (womb). The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb.

  • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    In the early stages of cervical cancer, a person may experience no symptoms at all. As a result, women should have regular cervical smear tests.

    The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:

    • bleeding between periods
    • bleeding after sexual intercourse
    • bleeding in post-menopausal women
    • discomfort during sexual intercourse
    • smelly vaginal discharge
    • vaginal discharge tinged with blood
    • pelvic pain

     

  • What are the causes of cervical cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    Cancer is the result of the uncontrolled division and growth of abnormal cells. Most of the cells in our body have a set lifespan and when they die, new cells are produced to replace them. Abnormal cells can have two problems they do not die and they continue dividing.

    The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a major cause of the main types of cervical cancer.HPV is common. Most sexually active women come into contact with HPV during their lifetime. But for most the virus causes no harm and goes away on its own. At least 12 types of HPV are considered high risk for cancer of the cervix. Two of these types (HPV 16 and HPV 18) cause about 7 out of 10 cancers of the cervix (70%).

    Women are more at risk of developing pre cancerous cervical cells or cervical cancer if they have persistent infections with high risk types of HPV.

     

     

     

     

  • Are there different types or stages of cervical cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    There are main two types of cervical cancer and are named after the type of cell that becomes cancerous. There is squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma

    • Squamous cell cancer

    Squamous cells are the flat, skin like cells that cover the outer surface of the cervix (the ectocervix). Between 7 and 8 out of every 10 cervical cancers (70 to 80%) are squamous cell cancer.

    • Adenocarcinoma

    Adenocarcinoma is a cancer that starts in the gland cells that produce mucus.The cervix has glandular cells scattered along the inside of the passageway that runs from the cervix to the womb (the endocervical canal). It is less common than squamous cell cancer, but has become more common in recent years. More than 1 in every 10 cervical cancers (more than 10%) are adenocarcinoma. It is treated in the same way as squamous cell cancer of the cervix.

    • Adenosquamous carcinoma

    Adenosquamous cancers are tumours that contain both squamous and glandular cancer cells. This is a rare type of cervical cancer which makes up between 20 to 30% of adenocarcinoma.

    • Small cell cancer

    Small cell cancer of the cervix is a very rare type of cervical cancer. Fewer than 3 in every 100 women (3%) diagnosed with cervical cancer have this type. It is called small cell because under a microscope the cells appear small with a large nucleus. Small cell cancers tend to grow quickly and need to be treated early.

    • Lymphoma

    Very rarely, other types of cancer can occur in the cervix. An example is lymphoma, which is a cancer of the tubes and glands that filter body fluids and fight infections (the lymphatic system).

  • Who is at risk of getting cervical cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017
    • HIV positive

    Having Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) increases the risk of developing cervical cancer. This risk might be reduced in women who are on Anti-Retroviral Therapy.

    • Sexually Transmitted Infections

    The risk of cervical cancer might be increased in women who have other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) alongside HPV. Women with both HPV and Chlamydia have a higher risk of cervical cancer.

    • Smoking tobacco

    Smoking tobacco increases risk of getting cervical cancer

    • Giving birth at a very young age

    Women who give birth before the age of 17 are significantly more likely to develop cervical cancer compared with women who have their first baby after the age of 25.

    • Family history

    Risk of cervical cancer is increased if one has a mother or sister who has had cervical cancer.

    • Previous cancer

    Cervical cancer risk is higher in survivors of vaginal, vulva, kidney, urinary tract, or skin cancers. One of the reasons for this could be previous radiotherapy treatment.

  • How can one protect herself from cervical cancer?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017
    • One can reduce the chances of developing Cervical Cancer by practicing safe sex, using condoms and limiting number of sexual partners.
    • Having regular Pap smear tests so that the cells of the cervix can be checked to ensure no abnormalities are present and no precancerous cells exist.Regular screening can pick up changes in the cervix before they develop into a cancer. Screening is very important for women taking the pill.
    • Having a vaccination against HPV infection and leading a healthy lifestyle by eating a well balanced diet and not smoking.
  • Where can one access Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIAC) services in Zimbabwe
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017
    • General hospitals and clinics
    • Cancer centres
    • Private hospitals
  • What is a Papanicolau (Pap) smear test?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    Pap smear test is a simple procedure that looks for abnormal cell changes in the cervix.

  • How often can one get VIAC and Pap smear test?
    Samuel Dodo09-06-2017

    For PAP smear test should begin at age 21, routine screening recommended every 3years up to age 65.

    For VIAC screening should be done once every 5years, but for women who are HIV Positive once every year.

    http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/cervical-cancer/risks-causes

  • 5.Gender
  • Is service delivery really limited by finances?
    admin07-09-2016

    Although delivery of services is limited by finances, they are needed to fulfil some of the mandates with the little resources that are available. Duty bearers need to prioritize and work jointly with the community to put in place agreed practical targets to resolve issues in definitive time – frames.

  • Which services, by who?
    admin07-09-2016

    The services offered by councils include Health, Water and Sanitation, Housing, agricultural support services and other public services. These are offered either by The Rural district council or Urban Council

  • Should citizens pay for service delivery?
    admin07-09-2016

    Yes citizens must pay for service delivery as this is a constitutional mandate. Paying also means the citizens can hold the duty bearers accountable. Paying also means citizens involvement in the planning and processes of the local government.

  • Who should be held accountable?
    admin07-09-2016

    All duty bearers in the local and central government and residents.

  • What is Gender Responsive Service Delivery?
    admin07-09-2016

    Access to Quality Gender Responsive Programme (also called Governance), which include Education, Health, Water and Sanitation, Housing, agricultural support services and other public services is based on the current decline in the quality of social and economic services that are essential to the sustenance of the lives of women, youth, children and other people living in poverty in Zimbabwe.

  • Why should we have Gender Responsive Service Delivery?
    admin07-09-2016

    Access to Quality Gender Responsive services which include Education, Health, Water and Sanitation, Housing, agricultural support services and other public services is on a decline in Zimbabwe. The quality of these services is essential to the sustenance of the lives of women, youth, children and other people living in poverty in Zimbabwe.

  • How can communities promote is Gender Responsive Service Delivery?
    admin07-09-2016

    Gender responsive service delivery can be promoted and financed through Gender-responsive Budgeting that addresses the specific needs of men and women. In every community whether urban or rural by the local government and central government.

  • What are Gender Responsive Budgets?
    admin07-09-2016

    GRB initiatives seek to create a direct linkage between social and economic policies through the application of a gender analysis to the formulation and implementation of government budgets. A gender analysis can also demonstrate the ways in which social institutions that are seemingly “gender neutral” do in fact bear and transmit gender biases. Gender budget analyses can be applied to gender specific expenditures, expenditures that promote gender equity within the public service and general or mainstream expenditures

  • Why create a gender-sensitive budget?
    admin07-09-2016

    A gender responsive budget is an important mechanism for ensuring greater consistency between economic goals and social commitments. The most widely used argument for undertaking GRB initiatives is that they lead to a more efficient use of resources. Gender analyses of government budgets are crucial for improved targeting.

  • What is the difference between a Rural District Council and Urban council?
    admin07-09-2016

    An Urban Council is a council that is located in the urban areas and is governed by the Urban councils act. An Rural District Council is a council that is located in the rural areas and is governed by the Rural District councils act

  • What powers do the urban council have?
    admin07-09-2016

    According to the Urban councils Act section 198 General powers of the Urban council are:

    1. Subject to compliance with this Act and any other law, a council shall have power to undertake, carry out or carry on any or all of the acts and things set out in the Second Schedule.
    2. The Minister may authorize a council to do, carry out or carry on any act or thing which, in his opinion, is necessary or desirable that the council should be able to do, carry out or carry on, whether or not the act or thing is an extension of any power set out in the Second Schedule or elsewhere in this Act.
    3. Subject to this Act, a council shall have power to do any act or thing which, in the opinion or the council, is necessary for administering or giving effect to any by-laws of the council.
  • What powers do the Rural District Council and Urban council have?
    admin07-09-2016

    According to the Rural District council Act Section 71 Powers of councils generally are:

    1. A council shall have power to undertake or carry out any or all of the matters and things set out in the First Schedule, subject to this Act and any law to the contrary.
    2. In addition to any powers that are provided for by this Act or any other law, or as an extension of any such power, a council may be authorized by the Minister to do or carry on any act or thing which, in his opinion, is—                                                                                                                                                                    (a) incidental to the exercise of the council’s powers; or                                                                                      (b) necessary or desirable in the interests of all or some of the inhabitants of the council area.
    3. A council may incur such expenditure as may be necessary for any purpose—                                         (a) which it is authorized to carry out by this Act or any other law; or                                                              (b) which, although not expressly authorized by this Act, is—                                                                              (i) incidental to the exercise by the council of its functions under this                                                            Act; or                                                                                                                                                                              (ii) necessary or desirable in the interests of the inhabitants of the council area generally;

    Provided that the amount expended in terms of this subparagraph for any one purpose

  • How can I tell my community or council my views?
    admin07-09-2016

    By attending meetings such as public hearings which are called by the councillor and budget consultations.

  • What is a Community Share Ownership Trust?
    admin07-09-2016

    Community Share Ownership Schemes or Trusts (CSOS/T) are a vehicle for participation in shareholding in various businesses by our communities. The proceeds from such participation must be properly accounted for and used in projects which benefit the communities

  • Who sits on the board of the Community Share Ownership Trust (CSOT)?
    admin07-09-2016

    One CSOT is prescribed per district with a membership of 7 to 15 persons composed of;

    1. Chief – (Chairperson), rotational where there are more than one chief in the District.
    2. Other Chiefs in the District.
    3. District Head of the Ministry of Youth Development, Indigenisation and Empowerment.
    4. District Administrators.
    5. Council Chairpersons – (Vice Chairperson).
    6. CEO of RDC Ex- Officio (Secretary).
    7. Representative(s) of qualifying business(s) drawn from senior management level of the business
    8. Representative of women
    9. Representative of the youth
    10. Representative of the disabled
    11.  A Lawyer.
    12. An Accountant.
    13. Any other person co-opted by the trust for their expertise and/or special skills from me to me Where a District has more than one chief; the chairmanship is rotated on a yearly basis among the chiefs in the District. The minister is allowed to appoint additional people to the board as and when deemed fit to represent the state or special interest groups.
  • Why were Community Share Ownership Trusts established?
    admin07-09-2016

    Community Share Ownership Trusts were established a vehicle for communities to benefit from resource extraction several

  • What are the objectives of Community Share Ownership Trusts?
    admin07-09-2016

    The CSOTS’ main objectives are to: ◦ enable communities to benefit from their God given resources. ◦ Involve rural communities in the mainstream economy – the national economy. ◦ Reinforce the role of communities in economic development by enabling them to make decisions on their development priorities. ◦ Enable rural communities to hold equity in qualifying businesses or companies.

  • How does the Community Share Ownership Trust take public input?
    admin07-09-2016

    This differs from trust to trust. There is one Trust per district. Visit your district CSOT to find out more.

  • How often and when does the Community Share Ownership Trust board sit?
    admin07-09-2016

    How often and when does the Community Share Ownership Trust board sit?

  • What projects can be undertaken through the proceeds of the trust?
    admin07-09-2016

    The provision, operation and maintenance of schools and other educational institutions and facilities and amenities connected educational scholarships, hospitals, clinics and dispensaries

    • The provision and maintenance of dipping tanks
    • The provision, development and maintenance of roads
    • The provision, development and maintenance of water works and water sanitation works
    • Gully reclamation and other works related to soil conservation and prevention of soil erosion, and the conservation and prevention of environmental degradation.
  • What is gender responsive budgeting (GRB)?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    GRB is when budgets take into consideration the impact of revenue and expenditure plans on women and men, boys and girls and other groups in order to if need be rectify apparent inequalities.

    Gender budgets also ensure that government resources are used to meet the needs of the poorest women, men, girls and boys in society.

  • What is gender responsive public service delivery (GRPS)?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    Public services that take into account the different needs and situations of men and women, boys and girls.

  • What is the role of Young women in Peace Building?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    Young women are key partners in peace building processes. They are key agents in fighting exclusion and marginalization, promoting political legitimacy and economic recovery.

  • 6.Environment & Natural resources
  • What is the difference between an A1 and A2 farm
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    A1 farms are small to medium farms which average 6 hectares and are charged a standard land rental of $10 a year and Unit tax of $5 per year making a total of $15 per year.

    A2 farms are medium to large scale commercial farms which are charged a rental of $3 per hectare and a unit tax of $2 per hectare per year making a total of $5 per hectare per year.  The A2 farmers have different land sizes and they pay according to the size of land that they are willing to use.

  • What is unit tax and how is it different from land rental?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    Unit tax is money that is supposed to be remitted back to the Rural District Council (RDC) by the Ministry of Lands which is used for development purposes in the form of roads and other public services.

    Land rental on the other hand, is state money belonging to treasury because the land will be under lease by the government.

  • 7.Governance & Democracy
  • Why is the unit tax being paid to the Ministry of Lands instead of directly to Rural District Councils (RDCs?)
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    In 2015 the cabinet approved the land rentals and collection of both land rental and unit tax by the Ministry of Lands and Rural Resettlement.

  • Are there any farmers with title deeds?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    Yes, there are farmers with title deeds and these do not require lease agreements, permits and offer letters. Those resettled as A1 farmers are issued permits while those resettled as A2 are issued offer letters and leases.

  • Where do I get information on service delivery in my district?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    At the local government offices in your district.

  • What is tax?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    An obligatory contribution to state revenue charged by the government on workers' earnings and business profits or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions.

  • What are user fees?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    A fee charged for the use of a product or service.

  • What is the difference between a national and local budget?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    National budgets cater for the whole country while Local budgets are specific to a given legal jurisdiction within the state. While National budgets can be resourced by borrowing from International markets, local authorities are rarely allowed to borrow from International markets.

  • Why should I know my constitution?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    A country’s constitution is the foundation and guarantor of freedom for all people. It is a code that society should live by and act on. The Constitution of Zimbabwe (No.20) ACT 2013 is the supreme law of the country and according to Chapter 1 section 2 subsection (2) The obligations imposed by this constitution are binding on every person natural or juristic, including the state and all executive, legislative and judicial institutions and agencies of government at every level, and must be fulfilled by them.

  • What is peace building?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    These are measures put in place to reduce the risk of falling into conflict by strengthening national capacities at all levels for conflict management and to lay the foundation for sustainable peace and development. Peace building uses a variety of strategies, processes and activities for sustainable peace.

  • Who are peace builders?
    Samuel Dodo13-06-2017

    Peace building is a task for everyone men and women, boys and girls from national governments, civil society from local communities to International partners.

  • Who is UMRRT?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    The United Mutare Residents and Ratepayers’ Trust (UMRRT) is an individual based residents’ body that advocates for good governance, accountable and transparent municipal services. It reveals the legislation that defines local governance in the country and lobbies for legislative reforms to ensure participatory democracy.

  • What are the aims of UMRRT
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    UMRRT aims to become the preferred institution for residents and ratepayers interests informed by the principles of transparency and accountability. It provides a credible people centered platform for Mutare residents and ratepayers to participate in decision-making processes for the sustainable development of the city.

  • What is an informal settlement?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    Informal settlements are groups of people living on land they have no legal claim to, that is, the homes and land don't follow codes and regulations. Informal settlements are also referred to as squatter settlements, slums or shanty towns.

  • What is the process of getting informal settlements relocated,formalized or upgraded?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    The formalizing of an informal settlement involves putting into motion the economic, social, institutional and community activities that are needed to turn around downward trends in an area. These activities should be undertaken cooperatively among all parties involved—residents, community groups, businesses as well as local and national authorities if applicable.

    The activities tend to include the provision of basic services such as housing, streets, footpaths, drainage, clean water, sanitation, and sewage disposal. Often, access to education and health care are also a part of upgrading.In addition to basic services, one of the key elements of slum upgrading is legalising or regularising properties and bringing secure land tenure to residents.

     

  • We need amenities in our formal settlement as there is no proper sanitation
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    Council is responsible for the provision of amenities as it arranges for the formalization and upgrading of houses. For instance, the Council should at least provide blair toilets or public toilets; make sure that refuse and garbage is collected periodically and that community taps with clean safe water is made available.

  • What is the validity of housing applications that were made years ago?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    A housing application is valid despite the time frame for registration but requires one to renew it yearly with a registration fee of US$5.

  • What are the council’s policies on informal settlements?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    The Public Health Act and Housing Standards Act states that,

    “occupants and users of illegal structures ………are ordered to discontinue forthwith the illegal occupation of the said stands,cease using the illegal structures thereon for human habitation purposes and any other illegal purpose, demolish illegal structures erected without permission on the said stands or properties and remove the debris, bricks,timber,any material and rubbish arising from the demolition of these illegal structures”

  • What can communities do to support UMRRT?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    Communities should be supportive of UMRRT’s activities by attending community meetings and participating by giving feedback through all communication platforms available.

  • What work is UMRRT currently doing?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    UMRRT engages residents in public meetings to create awareness around issues taking place in the city of Mutare. Community participation and interaction is fostered through participatory community platforms, networking meetings, public meetings, roadshows, role plays and fund-raising and clean-up campaigns.

  • What platforms are available for communicating service delivery issues in my neighborhood or within the city/ town I live in?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    Residents can report problems directly to the specified council departments e.g. housing, health department. However, if problems are not addressed satisfactorily, residents can approach resident organizations such as UMRRT, MURA, Bulawayo Progressive Residents’ Association (BUPRA), Chitungwiza Residents’ Trust (CHITREST), and Combined Harare Residents’ Association (CHRA), among others. Also, residents can approach ward–based councillors.

  • What is the role of a councillor?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017
    • To represent the local community and participate meetings and decision-making of the Council on behalf of the community he/she was elected from.
    • To consider the diversity of interests and needs of the local community.
    • To observe principles of good governance and act with integrity.
    • To provide civic leadership in relation to the exercise of the various functions and responsibilities of the Council.
    • To participate in the responsible allocation of resources of Council through the annual budget.
    • To facilitate effective communication between the Council and the community.
  • How many wards are there in Mutare?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017
    WARD AREA COVERED
    1 Sakubva(Chimoi-OTS flats)
    2 McGregers
    3 Old  and  newChisamba
    4 Chisamba singles new Zororo Maonde
    5 Sakubva (old Zororo)
    6 Dangamvura (AREA T AND AREA N)
    7 Dangamvura (AREA C and AREA B)
    8 Dangamvura (AREA 12, AREA P)
    9 Dangamvura  (AREA 14 and AREA 13)
    10 Dangamvura ( Warmouth)
    11 Town  (Palmerstone, Morningside, Darlington and Greenside)
    12 Town (Murambi, Westlea, Fairbridge Park,  Yeovil and Chikanga 1)
    13 Chikanga 1 (Florida, Bhanga)
    14 Dangamvura (Area 3, Gimboki)
    15 Chikanga 2(Bernwin-Aloe-TM-Methodist)
    16 Zimta-Destiny
    17 Dangamvura ( Area 15, Area 16, Pegasus)
    18 Fern Valley
  • What is the purpose of the education levy?
    Samuel Dodo14-06-2017

    The education levy is there to help in the building of more schools and to improve the available schools. For example, schools can be destroyed by weather conditions like hailstorms, lightning hence the levy can be used to repair school damages.

  • 8.Arts; Culture & Religion
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    9.Media
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